Mandat des Unabhängigen UN-Experten für SOGI muss erhalten werden

Gemeinsame Erklärung von internationalen NGOs beim UN-Menschenrechtsrat

Die UN hat 2016 den ersten unabhängigen Experten für SOGI ernannt. Das Mandat ist für die Dauer von drei Jahren eingerichtet. Im Juli 2019 stimmt UN-Menschenrechtsrat bei seiner 41. Sitzung über die Verlängerung dieses wichtigen Mandats ab.

Der thailändische Rechtsprofessor Vitit Muntarbhorn hat das Amt zunächst inne. Er veröffentlicht seine ersten beiden Berichte hier . Im Herbst 2017 übernimmt  Victor Madrigal-Borloz sein Amt und veröffentlich im Mai 2018 seinen ersten Bericht hier

Die Website des Unabhängigen Experten zum Schutz vor Diskriminierung und Gewalt aufgrund der sexuellen Orientierung und Geschlechtsidentität ist beim Hochkommissariat der Vereinten Nationen für Menschenrechte (OHCHR) hier zu finden.

Um die Erneuerung des Mandats zu unterstützen haben über tausend  NGOs (Nichtregierungsorganisationen) eine Stellungnahme abgegeben. Phylesha Brown-Acton hat sie beim UN-Menschenrechtsrat vorgestellt. LSVD/Hirschfeld-Eddy-Stiftung haben es auch unterzeichnet. Hier die Erklärung im Wortlaut in englischer Sprache.

Aktualisierung: am 12.7.2019 stimmt der UN-Menschenrechtsrat mit klarer Mehrheit für die Erneuerung des Mandats. Mehr hier.

1316 NGOs working on diverse human rights issues, from 174 States and territories around the world call for the renewal of the mandate of the Independent Expert on violence and discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity

41st session of the Human Rights Council

 Item 8. General Debate Oral Statement

Speaker: Phylesha Brown – Acton

Foto: Facebook Site Arc International

Mr. President,

I have the honour to deliver this statement that was endorsed by 1316 organisations working on diverse topics.
Around the world, millions of people face human rights violations and abuses because of their real or perceived sexual orientation or gender identity (SOGI). These abuses include: killings and extrajudicial executions; torture, rape and sexual violence; enforced disappearance; forced displacement; criminalization; arbitrary detentions; blackmail and extortion; police violence and harassment; bullying; stigmatization; hate speech; denial of one’s self defined gender identity; forced medical treatment, and/or forced sterilization; repression of the rights to freedom of expression, association and assembly, religion or belief; attacks and restrictions on human rights defenders; denial of services and hampered access to justice; discrimination in all spheres of life including in employment, healthcare, housing, education and cultural traditions; and other multiple and intersecting forms of violence and discrimination. These grave and widespread violations take place in conflict and non-conflict situations, are perpetrated by State and non-State actors (including the victims’ families and communities) and impact all spheres of life.

In 2016, this Human Rights Council took definitive action to systematically address these abuses, advance positive reforms and share best practices – through regular reporting, constructive dialogue and engagement – and created an Independent Expert on protection against violence and discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI).

This Council considered the mandate an essential tool to respond to the vast body of evidence of such violence and discrimination in all world regions and followed recommendations from the UN human rights system – including the Treaty Bodies, the Human Rights Council, its Special Procedures and the Universal Periodic Review (UPR), and the findings of the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, and many others.
The two mandate holders have examined these issues in greater depth through reports, country visits, communications, and statements issued in the past three years. They have identified root causes and addressed violence and discrimination faced by specific groups, including lesbian, bisexual, trans and gender diverse persons.
The mandate has also welcomed progress and identified best practices from all regions of the world, including in decriminalisation, legal gender recognition, anti-discrimination laws and hate crime laws that include SOGI.

1316 NGOs working on diverse human rights issues, from 174 States and territories around the world call for the renewal of the mandate of the Independent Expert on violence and discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity
All the while, continuing to engage in constructive dialogue and assist States to implement and further comply with international human rights law, as well as collaborating with UN mechanisms, agencies, funds and programs and other bodies in international and regional systems. For persons of diverse sexual orientations and gender identities globally, this mechanism and its work have been a beacon of hope that violence and discrimination will not be ignored; and since 2016, progress has been made in many areas in all regions, including in countries that have decriminalized consensual same-sex sexual acts, legally recognized a person’s gender identity and promulgated SOGI-inclusive anti-discrimination and hate crimes laws.

Despite these positive advances, to this day, 69 countries still criminalize consensual same-sex sexual acts, seven with the death penalty. Alarmingly 3000 killings of trans and gender diverse people were reported in 72 countries in the past decade. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and trans and gender diverse people everywhere face daily discrimination and violence.
Mr. President
A decision by Council Members to renew this mandate would send a clear message that violence and discrimination against people of diverse sexual orientations and gender identities cannot be tolerated. It would reaffirm that specific, sustained and systematic attention is needed to address these human rights violations and ensure that LGBT people can live a life of dignity.
We the 1316 NGOs from 174 States and territories around the world urge this Council to ensure we continue building a world where everyone can live free from violence and discrimination. To allow this important and unfinished work to continue we urge you to renew this mandate of the Independent Expert on violence and discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity.

Thank you.

  • Read the statement in Spanish, French, Portuguese, Chinese and Russian on the Arc-International Website.
  • Die Website des UN-Experten für SOGI hier
  • relevanten Dokumente für den Menschenrechtsschutz von LSBTI sind hier aufgelistet
  • Forderungen an die Bundesregierung hier
  • Aktualisierung: am 12.7.2019 stimmt der UN-Menschenrechtsrat mit klarer Mehrheit für die Erneuerung des Mandats! Mehr hier.

Sarah Kohrt, LGBTI-Plattform Menschenrechte

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